Dados vol. 49 n. 4 Rio de Janeiro 2006

O sistema eleitoral de lista aberta no Brasil

Nicolau, Jairo


This article analyzes the open-list electoral system in Brazil in the elections for the Chamber of Deputies (Lower House) and compares it to other countries that employ this mechanism. The author describes the history and functioning of the prevailing electoral system; evaluates the list's impact on parties, voters, and the relationship between Deputies and their constituencies; and discusses the mechanisms offered by the electoral system for voters to either punish or reward their representatives. Linking the Brazilian case to current analyses of electoral systems, the article draws on evidence from three studies conducted with members of the Brazilian Congress and voters.

Palavras-chave: electoral system; open-lists; Chamber of Deputies.

DOI: 10.1590/S0011-52582006000400002

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O sistema eleitoral de lista aberta no Brasil