Dados vol. 34 n. 3 Rio de Janeiro 1991

Empresariado e Projeto Neoliberal na América Latina: Uma Avaliação dos Anos 80

Diniz, Eli


The article analyzes the stances and behavior that industrial entrepreneurs have adopted vis-à-vis the fashioning of and prospects for enforcing the neoliberal project as a strategy for dealing with Latin America's current crisis. Through a comparison of four Latin American nations - Brazil, Argentina, Mexico, and Uruguay - the author interprets the role played by entrepreneurs in the transition from the autarkic, statist model of development that reigned for five decades, starting in the thirties, to a new, open model centered around the marketplace. The article underscores the entrepreneur's adherence to the neoliberal ideology and the sector's active role in propagating and legitimizing this proposal. However, it also calls attention to the ambiguities that are observed when governments actually inaugurate reform processes aimed at making a break with old patterns of development, moving from the plane of more general goals to execution itself. These ambiguities find expression not only in a Jack of support for specific measures that will assign greater responsibility to private enterprise but also in the difficulties encountered in putting together a coalition to back the neoliberal project, difficulties that are explained by both external and internal factors. One external factor emphasized by the author is each nation's willingness and capacity to adapt to the new conditions prevailing in the international system. The prime internal factor cited is the political-institutional apparatus responsible for state-society articulation and for the incorporation of strategic actors into the political system.

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Empresariado e Projeto Neoliberal na América Latina: Uma Avaliação dos Anos 80