Dados is one of the most widely-read social sciences journals in Latin America. Created in 1966, it publishes innovative works, originating from academic research, by Brazilian and foreign authors. Edited by IESP-UERJ, it aims to reconcile scientific rigor and academic excellence with an emphasis on public debate based on the analysis of substantive issues of society and politics.
What makes people commit crimes and socially deviant behaviors? Are such acts the result of idiosyncratic personal characteristics or a deformed acculturation process in the pre-adult phase? Or could they be the result of social breakdown and injustice? On the other hand, one could postulate that such phenomena are the result of the rationalization process, whereby the modern culture of individualization provides the ethical underpinnings for opposing the Golden Rule. How, then, does one explain the occurrence of such phenomena throughout history and in different places and cultures? This paper provides a summary of different contributions and also reviews some theoretical models concerning the determinants of crime and their relationship to several empiric studies.
Keywords: determinants of crime, violenceDeterminants of crime: theoretical frameworks and empirical results