Dados is one of the most widely-read social sciences journals in Latin America. Created in 1966, it publishes innovative works, originating from academic research, by Brazilian and foreign authors. Edited by IESP-UERJ, it aims to reconcile scientific rigor and academic excellence with an emphasis on public debate based on the analysis of substantive issues of society and politics.
The article assesses the organizational arrangements and innovations in Brazilian health-care policy that occurred during the 1980s and 1990s. The sector underwent important institutional shifts that threatened its entitlement status as a public policy. Health-care policy also created means of access to decision-making mechanisms and to sources of funds associated with distributive type governmental policies. This policy pattern favored decentralized, multi-centered decision-making arenas and satisfactory means of access to public funds at minimum costs for interest demands. This perception of health-care policy as entailing low fiscal and institutional costs account for the fact that sector actors (e.g., representatives of municipal interests) were extremely open to the policy innovations included on the agenda of the 1980s sanitation reform, such as decentralization and social control
Keywords: Health-care policy, distributivismInovação Política, Distributivismo e Crise: A Política de Saúde nos Anos 80 e 90