Dados is one of the most widely-read social sciences journals in Latin America. Created in 1966, it publishes innovative works, originating from academic research, by Brazilian and foreign authors. Edited by IESP-UERJ, it aims to reconcile scientific rigor and academic excellence with an emphasis on public debate based on the analysis of substantive issues of society and politics.
ABSTRACT Reconcilement is an alternative mode of conflict resolution with a long history in the Brazilian judicial system. Although it was already known in colonial times, it only gained similar aspects to the present institute after the country’s Independence, when it became a mandatory proceeding, carried out by the justices of the peace, whose office was then recently established. This article analyzes the legislative creation and functioning of this institution in Brazil during the nineteenth century, with the aim of characterizing its relevance for the efficiency of Brazilian Justice. In order to achieve this goal, several sources were used: the annals of parliament, legal doctrine, newspapers, literary texts, official reports and other documents, in addition to the legislation. We concluded that, during the Empire, conciliation was responsible for a great reduction in the number of legal processes pursued in Brazil at that time, with settlement agreement rates that often surpassed fifty percent.
Keywords: conciliation, Brazilian Empire, justices of the peace, dispute resolution, efficiency of JusticeReconcilement and Alternative Means of Conflict Resolution in the Brazilian Empire