Dados is one of the most widely-read social sciences journals in Latin America. Created in 1966, it publishes innovative works, originating from academic research, by Brazilian and foreign authors. Edited by IESP-UERJ, it aims to reconcile scientific rigor and academic excellence with an emphasis on public debate based on the analysis of substantive issues of society and politics.
Building upon a comparison between Brazil and North America (mainly the United States, but also Canada) this article seeks to understand the formation and mobilization of homosexual indigenous activism in these two contexts. This research is based on bibliographical studies, interviews and fieldwork carried out between June 2012 and August 2014. The text describes the consolidation of the two-spirit movement in the United States, in contrast to the subjects near invisibility in Brazil. The conclusion is that this was due to a set of factor which allowed homosexual indigenous groups in the United States to create a pan-indigenous identity in which homosexuality figures as a traditionalist, religious and anti-colonial discourse, whereas in Brazil the opposite occurs, since indigenous homosexuality is viewed as a cultural “loss.”
Keywords: homosexuality, indigenous movements, gender, two-spirit, ethnology, queer theoryIndigenous Homosexual Activism: A Comparative Analysis between Brazil and North America