Dados vol. 29 n. 1 Rio de Janeiro 1986

A Política Salarial do Governo Figueiredo: Um Ensaio sobre sua Sociologia

Pena, Maria Valéria Junho


This article discusses the three laws and five decree laws determining the wage policy adopted by the Figueiredo government between October 1979 and October 1984, among other measures, to cope with the economic crisis menacing the country and to negotiate the IMF's guaranty for presentation to Brazil's foreign creditors. The author pays special attention to the justifying of these eight laws, i.e. the means used by the administration to explain them to the social community at large and to its representatives in the Congress. The author examines the text of these laws and decrees; and in the case of the latter, which arose from executive initiative, he also discusses the considerations preceding their formulation as well as the explanations accompanying them, in certain cases, from the Planning Ministry (SEPLAN) to the President and then on to the Congress. Material from the national press is also examined, including testimony, interviews and news items from the time. Thus, the article treats various aspects inherent to the economic circumstances of the period, used by the government to justify the wage squeeze measures that it had chosen: the apparently distributivist element in the adoption of correction indexes differentiated according to salary level; combating the public deficit; the attack on inflation; the policy of employment; the need for more competitive exports. Finally, throughout the article, the author comments on the specific form chosen by the different interests concerned - generally expressed through business and labor union leaders - when taking a public stand on the successive measures introduced by the administration.

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A Política Salarial do Governo Figueiredo: Um Ensaio sobre sua Sociologia