Dados vol. 26 n. 1 Rio de Janeiro 1983

A Questão do Fascismo na América Latina

Trindade, Hélgio


This paper addresses the controversy regarding the existence of fascist movements and regimes in Latin America. lt first presents a critical evaluation of the argument developed by several Latin American social scientists to the effect that the military regimes which seized power in the 1970's in the region could be classified as fascist. After identifying three main lines of interpretation ("potential Fascism", "dependent Fascism", and "Fascism sui generis"), the author argues in favor of the characterization of such regimes as military authoritarian. The second part of the paper discusses the validity of applying the concept of Fascism to the movements and regimes which existed in the 1930's, principally the regimes led by Perón and Vargas. Again, the author points out that while some fascist traits were indeed present, such regimes were akin to Germani's concept of national-populism. However, the author concedes that it is legitimate to classify as fascist some political movements of the 1930's, as is the case of Brazil's lntegralismo.

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A Questão do Fascismo na América Latina