Dados vol. 31 n. 3 Rio de Janeiro 1988

Escravidão e Razão Nacional

Carvalho, José Murilo de


It is propounded that the theoretical and value-related foundations of European and U.S. abolitionisms differed from those of Luso-Brazilian abolitionism. In the former cases, slavery was condemned for violating the principle of individual freedom, seen as guaranteed either by natural Jaw or by Christianity's reformed outlook. In the latter, political reason predominated: prior to Brazilian independence, colonial reason and after, national reason. Here, freedom appears as a public rather than an individual question. The meaning of these difference is discussed.

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Escravidão e Razão Nacional